Carbon Nanostructures – from Molecules to Functionalised Materials: Fullerene-Ferrocene Oligomers, Graphene Modification and Deposition

  • Datum: 22 september, kl. 09.15
  • Plats: A1:107a, BMC, Husargatan 3, Uppsala
  • Doktorand: Nordlund, Michael
  • Om avhandlingen
  • Arrangör: Organisk kemi
  • Kontaktperson: Nordlund, Michael
  • Disputation

The work described in this thesis concerns development, synthesis and characterisation of new molecular compounds and materials based on the carbon allotropes fullerene (C60) and graphene.

A stepwise strategy to a symmetric ferrocene-linked dumbbell of fulleropyrrolidines was developed. The versatility of this approach was demonstrated in the synthesis of a non-symmetric fulleropyrrolidine-ferrocene-tryptophan triad. A new tethered bis-aldehyde, capable of regiospecific bis-pyrrolidination of a C60-fullerene in predominantly trans fashion, was designed, synthesised and reacted with glycine and C60 to yield the desired N-unfunctionalised bis(pyrrolidine)fullerene. A catenane dimer composed of two bis(pyrrolidine)fullerenes was obtained as a minor co-product. From the synthesis of the N-methyl analogue, the catenane dimer could be separated from the monomeric main product and fully characterised by NMR spectroscopy. Working towards organometallic fullerene-based molecular wires, the N-unfunctionalised bis(pyrrolidine)fullerene was coupled to an activated carboxyferrocene-fullerene fragment by amide links to yield a ferrocene-linked fullerene trimer, as indicated by mass spectrometry from reactions carried out at small scale

A small library of conjugated diarylacetylene linkers, to be coupled to C60 via metal-mediated hydroarylation, was developed. Selected linker precursors were prepared and characterised, and the hydroarylation has been adapted using simple arylboronic acids.

Few-layer graphene was prepared and dip-deposited from suspension onto a piezoelectric polymer substrate. Spontaneous side-selective deposition was observed and, from the perspective of non-covalent interaction, rationalised as being driven by the inbuilt polarization of the polymer.

Aiming for selectively edge-oxidized graphene, a number of graphitic materials were treated with a combination of ozone and hydrogen peroxide under sonication. This mild, metal-free procedure led to edge-oxidation and exfoliation with very simple isolation of clean materials indicated by microscopy, spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis.